Thursday, August 21, 2008

The Mass in Köln (the Use of Köln, Germany)

We will now then turn to the Use of Cologne, more specifically, the Use of the Roman Rite in Cologne (otherwise known as Köln), Germany.

What is a 'Use'?
The Liturgical definition of a 'Use' is basically a local adaptation/modification of a particular Rite to a specific locale (for example, a Diocese). Present-day examples of this might include the Zaire Use (An inculturated version of The Ordinary form of the Roman Rite as practiced in a very limited extent in some African countries) or the Anglican Use.

Before Pope Pius V released his bull Quo Primum that promulgated his revision of the Roman Missal, a lot of places in Europe had their own particular 'Uses' which were usually derived from the Roman Rite. They all agree on the Canon (save for very minor differences in wording), but when it comes to the Ordinary and the rubrics, some places may have developed or added a particular custom that other places might not have. Other differences include celebrating feast days of saints particular to the area, a trifling variety in the Calendar, and the Propers, namely, some extra Epistles, Gospels, sequences, and/or prefaces.

About Cologne (Latin: Colonia [Colonia Agrippina], German: Köln, Kölsch: Kölle): Cologne is Germany's fourth-largest city after Berlin, Hamburg and Munich, and is the largest city both in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than ten million inhabitants. It is one of the oldest cities in Germany, having been founded by the Romans in the year 38 BC. Cologne was granted the status of a Roman "city" in the year 50 AD.
Cologne lies on the River Rhine. The city's famous Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom) is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Cologne. The University of Cologne (Universität zu Köln) is one of Europe's oldest universities.

Besides its economic and political significance in the Middle Ages the city also became an outstanding centre of medieval pilgrimage, when the Archbishop Rainald of Dassel gave the relics of the Three Wise Men (the Magi) to Cologne's cathedral in 1164 (after they in fact had been captured from Milan). Besides the three magi Cologne preserves the relics of Saint Ursula and Albertus Magnus.

The Cathedral of Cologne (German: Kölner Dom, official name: Hohe Domkirche St. Peter und Maria)

THE ORDINARY OF THE MASS ACCORDING TO THE USE OF KÖLN, GERMANY, FROM THE 1525 MISSALE COLONIENSE

Ante medium Altaris signando se signo Sanctae Crucis:
In nomine Patris et Filii et Spiritus Sancti. Amen.
Celebrans: Adjutorium nostrum in nomine Domini.
Ministri: Qui fecit cœlum et terram.
Celebrans: Et introibo ad Altare Dei.
Ministri: Ad Deum qui laetificat juventútem meam.
Celebrans: Confitemini Domino quoniam bonus.
Ministri: Quoniam in saecula misericordia ejus.

Celebrans: Confíteor Deo coeli et beatae Mariae Virgini et omnibus Sanctis Dei et vobis, quia peccavi nimis in vita mea contra legem Dei mei cogitatione, locutione, concensu, visu, verbo et opere, mea culpa, mea culpa, mea maxima culpa. Ideo precor gloriosam Virginem Mariam et omnes Sanctos Dei et vos, orare pro me peccatore.
Ministri: Misereatur tui omnipotens Deus, et dimissis omnibus peccatis tuis, perducat te Jesus Christus sine macula cum gaudio in vitam aeternam.
Celebrans: Amen.
Ministri: Confíteor Deo coeli et beatae Mariae Virgini et omnibus Sanctis Dei et te, quia peccavi nimis in vita mea contra legem Dei mei; cogitatione, locutione, concensu, visu, verbo et opere; mea culpa, mea culpa, mea maxima culpa. Ideo precor gloriosam Virginem Mariam et omnes Sanctos Dei et te, orare pro me peccatore.
Celebrans: Misereatur vestri omnipotens Deus, et dimissis omnibus peccatis vestris, perducat te Jesus Christus sine macula cum gaudio in vitam aeternam.
Ministri: Amen.
Celebrans: Exaudi quaesumus Domine supplicum preces confitentium tibi parce peccatis, ut pariter nobis indulgentiam tribuas benignus et pacem. Per Dominum.
Ministri: Amen.

Accendens ad Altare: Aufer a nobis, quaesumus, Domine, cunctas iniquitates nostras: ut ad Sancta sanctorum puris mentibus introire mereamur. Per Dominum.
Osculando Altare: Da mihi, Domine, sensum rectum et vocem puram, ut placeant tibi verba mea; atque cunctis audientibus ea, propter nomen sanctum tuum proficiant in vitam aeternam.
Osculando Crucifixum: Tuam Crucem adoramus, Domine; et tuam sanctam recolimus passionem. Miserere nostri, qui passus est pro nobis.
Osculando Evangelium: Pax Christi et Ecclesiae quam nobis per sanctum Evangelium tradidit; confirmet et conservet corda et corpora nostra in vitam aeternam.

Ad Introitum Celebrans: Adjutorium nostrum in nomine Domini.
Ministri: Qui fecit coelum et terram.
C: Sit nomen Domini benedictum.
Ministri: Nunc et usque in saeculum.

Introitus legatur, deinde:
Kyrie Eleison. Kyrie Eleison. Kyrie Eleison.
Christe Eleison. Christe Eleison. Christe Eleison.
Kyrie Eleison. Kyrie Eleison. Kyrie Eleison.

========================

[The Celebrant] before the middle of the Altar, shall make the sign of the Holy Cross:
In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.
Celebrant: Our help is in the name of the Lord.
Minister: Who made Heaven and Earth.
Celebrant: And I shall go in to the Altar of God.
Minister: To God who grants joy to my youth.
Celebrant: O give thanks to the Lord, for He is good.
Minister: And His mercy endures forever.

Celebrant: I confess to God in Heaven, and to the Blessed Virgin Mary, and to all the Saints of God and to you; that I have exceedingly sinned in my life against the law of my God; in thought, speech, judgment, sight, word and deed; through my fault, through my fault, through my most grevious fault. Therefore I ask the Blessed Virgin Mary, and all the Saints of God and you, to pray for me, a sinner.
Minister: May almighty God have mercy on you, and forgiving you your sins, lead you to Jesus Christ without stain as well as joyful into life everlasting.
Celebrant: Amen.
Minister: I confess to God in Heaven, and to the Blessed Virgin Mary, and to all the Saints of God and to you; that I have exceedingly sinned in my life against the law of my God; in thought, speech, judgment, sight, word and deed; through my fault, through my fault, through my most grevious fault. Therefore I ask the Blessed Virgin Mary, and all the Saints of God and you, to pray for me, a sinner.
Celebrant: May almighty God have mercy on you, and forgiving you your sins, lead you to Jesus Christ without stain as well as joyful into life everlasting.
Minister: Amen.

Celebrant: Graciously hear, we beseech You, O Lord, the prayers of Your suppliants, pardon the sins of those who confess to You; that, in Your bounty, You may grant us both pardon and peace; through our Lord...
Celebrant: Amen.

Going up into the Altar, he shall say: Take away from us, we beseech You, O Lord, all our iniquities, that we may be worthy to enter with pure minds into the Holy of Holies; through our Lord...
He shall then kiss the Altar: Give me, O Lord, a right sense and a pure voice, that my words may be pleasing to You; and for the sake of Your Holy Name may it perfect all of them who hear it into everlasting life.
He shall then kiss the Crucifix: We adore Your Cross, O Lord; We contemplate Your Holy Passion. Have mercy on us, You who have suffered for us.
He shall then kiss the Gospel Book: May the peace of Christ and the Church, which He bequeathed us by the Holy Gospel conserve and confirm our soul and body unto everlasting life.

The Celebrant then begins: Our help is in the name of the Lord.
Minister: Who made Heaven and Earth.
Celebrant: Blessed be the name of the Lord.
Minister: From henceforth, now and forever.
The Introit is now said, then:
Kyrie Eleison. Kyrie Eleison. Kyrie Eleison.
Christe Eleison. Christe Eleison. Christe Eleison.
Kyrie Eleison. Kyrie Eleison. Kyrie Eleison.

3 comments:

Gregor Kollmorgen said...

Thank you so much, Patrick, for bringing these texts online. May I ask where you are taking them from?

Patrick said...

You're welcome.

As for the sources, I get them at various places of the internet (I do not own any liturgical resources in the form of books, so the internet is my alternative); this particular one I got from these two urls:

http://ffyl.uncu.edu.ar/departamentos/filosofia/centros/cefim/MissaleColoniense.pdf

http://allmercifulsavior.com/Liturgy/Ordo%20Missae%20Coloniensis.pdf

Gregor Kollmorgen said...

Thanks!